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Holistic multimodal care for patients with cancer cachexia and their family caregivers.

Patients with cancer cachexia frequently suffer from physical symptoms and psychological symptoms of illness, which can lead to emotional distress in patients and family caregivers. Although there is no standard care to manage cancer cachexia despite its high prevalence and negative impact on quality of life in patients and family caregivers, there is accumulating evidence showing the importance of holistic multimodal care for cancer cachexia.

However, there is no agreement on the essential components of holistic multimodal care. Therefore, the aims of this review are to give an overview of what is known about the holistic multimodal care and to suggest the composition of a multidisciplinary team to achieve holistic interventions.

Holistic multimodal care for cancer cachexia is defined as an approach that addresses physical health through medical, pharmacological, nutritional, and rehabilitative interventions as well as psychological, emotional, and social well-being issues according to the needs of patients and family caregivers. Moreover, an ideal multidisciplinary team is proposed to achieve holistic interventions based on patient- and family-centered care.

However, the development of educational programs on cancer cachexia for both clinicians and patients and family caregivers is needed. Furthermore, measurements to assess the benefits of holistic multimodal care also need to be established.

Koji Amano

Palliative Medicine

Aichi Medical University

Japan

218

ScienceLeadR Reputation
profile photo of Koji Amano

Main topics

Publications Clinical Trials

Palliative Care
Body Weight
Weight Loss
Cachexia
Psychophysiology
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Naoharu Mori

Nutrition

Aichi Medical University

Japan

200

ScienceLeadR Reputation
profile photo of Naoharu Mori

Main topics

Publications Clinical Trials

Body Weight
Weight Loss
Cachexia
Sarcopenia
Malnutrition
View detailed profile

Jane B Hopkinson

Oncology

Graduate School of Health Care Sciences, Jikei Institute

Japan

245

ScienceLeadR Reputation
profile photo of Jane B Hopkinson

Main topics

Publications Clinical Trials

Body Weight
Weight Loss
Palliative Care
Cachexia
Natural Science Disciplines
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Vickie E Baracos

Nutrition

Cross Cancer Institute

Canada

1250

ScienceLeadR Reputation
profile photo of Vickie E Baracos

Main topics

Publications Clinical Trials

Body Weight
Weight Loss
Public Health
Epidemiologic Methods
Cachexia
View detailed profile

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