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neoplasms

Body composition is associated with postoperative complications in perihilar cholangiocarcinoma.

Perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA) is a malignant tumor of the hepatobiliary system which is still associated with a challenging prognosis. Postoperative complications play a crucial role in determining the overall prognosis of patients with pCCA. Changes in body composition (BC) have...
🗓️ 2024-01-01
📰 Publication: Cancer Medicine
Read MoreBody composition is associated with postoperative complications in perihilar cholangiocarcinoma.

Cancer cachexia: biomarkers and the influence of age.

Cancer cachexia (Ccx) is a complex metabolic condition characterized by pronounced muscle and fat wasting, systemic inflammation, weakness and fatigue. Up to 30% of cancer patients succumb directly to Ccx, yet therapies that effectively address this perturbed metabolic state are...
🗓️ 2024-02-27
📰 Publication: Molecular Oncology
Read MoreCancer cachexia: biomarkers and the influence of age.

Metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease in cancer survivors.

The risk of subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD) is high in cancer survivors. Although metabolic syndrome is an established risk factor for CVD, its association with cancer survivors has not yet been established. This study aimed to clarify whether metabolic syndrome...
🗓️ 2024-03-22
📰 Publication: Journal Of Cachexia Sarcopenia And Muscle
Read MoreMetabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease in cancer survivors.

Appetite and dietary intake endpoints in cancer cachexia clinical trials: Systematic Review 2 of the cachexia endpoints series.

There is no consensus on the optimal endpoint(s) in cancer cachexia trials. Endpoint variation is an obstacle when comparing interventions and their clinical value. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize and evaluate endpoints used to assess appetite...
🗓️ 2024-02-11
📰 Publication: Journal Of Cachexia Sarcopenia And Muscle
Read MoreAppetite and dietary intake endpoints in cancer cachexia clinical trials: Systematic Review 2 of the cachexia endpoints series.

Quality of life endpoints in cancer cachexia clinical trials: Systematic review 3 of the cachexia endpoints series.

The use of patient-reported outcomes (PROMs) of quality of life (QOL) is common in cachexia trials. Patients' self-report on health, functioning, wellbeing, and perceptions of care, represent important measures of efficacy. This review describes the frequency, variety, and reporting of...
🗓️ 2024-03-29
📰 Publication: Journal Of Cachexia Sarcopenia And Muscle
Read MoreQuality of life endpoints in cancer cachexia clinical trials: Systematic review 3 of the cachexia endpoints series.

Addressing cancer anorexia-cachexia in older patients: Potential therapeutic strategies and molecular pathways.

Cancer cachexia (CC) syndrome, a feature of cancer-associated muscle wasting, is particularly pronounced in older patients, and is characterised by decreased energy intake and upregulated skeletal muscle catabolic pathways. To address CC, appetite stimulants, anabolic drugs, cytokine mediators, essential amino...
🗓️ 2024-01-12
📰 Publication: Clinical Nutrition
Read MoreAddressing cancer anorexia-cachexia in older patients: Potential therapeutic strategies and molecular pathways.

The role of the nurse in meeting the educational needs for self-care in cachectic cancer patients and their family caregivers: A scoping review.

To give an overview of what is known about the nurse contribution to education in self-care by people with cancer cachexia and their family caregivers. Nurse-led patient education can help patients and their family caregivers to manage cancer symptoms, cancer...
🗓️ 2023-08-23
Read MoreThe role of the nurse in meeting the educational needs for self-care in cachectic cancer patients and their family caregivers: A scoping review.

Perception of subjective lived experiences of individuals with anorexia-cachexia in patients with advanced lung cancer.

Cancer cachexia (CC) is a frequent and debilitating syndrome in patients with cancer. It has serious implications for patients, extending beyond physical problems into psychological, and social domains. The objective of our study was to qualitatively understand the experiences related...
🗓️ 2023-10-10
Read MorePerception of subjective lived experiences of individuals with anorexia-cachexia in patients with advanced lung cancer.

Holistic multimodal care for patients with cancer cachexia and their family caregivers.

Patients with cancer cachexia frequently suffer from physical symptoms and psychological symptoms of illness, which can lead to emotional distress in patients and family caregivers. Although there is no standard care to manage cancer cachexia despite its high prevalence and...
🗓️ 2023-08-06
Read MoreHolistic multimodal care for patients with cancer cachexia and their family caregivers.

Cancer-induced morphological changes in enteric glial cells in the jejunum of Walker-256 tumor-bearing rats.

Cancer-induced cachexia is associated with systemic inflammation and gastrointestinal dysfunction. How changes to cells of the enteric nervous system contribute to gut dysfunction in tumor development and cancer cachexia is unknown. Here, we tested the hypothesis that changes to enteric...
🗓️ 2024-02-28
📰 Publication: Acta Histochemica
Read MoreCancer-induced morphological changes in enteric glial cells in the jejunum of Walker-256 tumor-bearing rats.

Harnessing the Systemic Biology of Functional Decline and Cachexia to Inform more Holistic Therapies for Incurable Cancers.

Options for treatment of incurable cancer remain scarce and are largely focused on limited therapeutic mechanisms. A new approach specific to advanced cancers is needed to identify new and effective treatments. Morbidity in advanced cancer is driven by functional decline...
🗓️ 2024-01-14
Read MoreHarnessing the Systemic Biology of Functional Decline and Cachexia to Inform more Holistic Therapies for Incurable Cancers.

Factors associated with multimodal care practices for cancer cachexia among registered dietitians.

This study aimed to determine factors associated with multimodal care practices for cancer cachexia among registered dietitians (RDs) working in cancer care. A secondary analysis was performed using RDs' data. Data on knowledge, skills, and confidence in multimodal care were...
🗓️ 2024-03-06
📰 Publication: Supportive Care In Cancer
Read MoreFactors associated with multimodal care practices for cancer cachexia among registered dietitians.

Impacts of fluid retention on prognostic abilities of cachexia diagnostic criteria in cancer patients with refractory cachexia.

The international cancer cachexia criteria with a cutoff of 5% weight loss (WL) was proposed in Western patients. The Asian Working Group for Cachexia (AWGC) developed new criteria in Asian patients. The AWGC criteria are not cancer-specific and employ a...
🗓️ 2024-02-29
Read MoreImpacts of fluid retention on prognostic abilities of cachexia diagnostic criteria in cancer patients with refractory cachexia.

Fluid retention and weight loss in refractory cancer cachexia.

It is unknown to what extent the fluid retention (FR) status disrupts the detection of weight loss rate (WLR) in adult patients with advanced cancer. This study aimed to determine the association of FR status with WLR. This study was...
🗓️ 2024-02-23
📰 Publication: Bmj Supportive & Palliative Care
Read MoreFluid retention and weight loss in refractory cancer cachexia.

NAD repletion with niacin counteracts cancer cachexia.

Cachexia is a debilitating wasting syndrome and highly prevalent comorbidity in cancer patients. It manifests especially with energy and mitochondrial metabolism aberrations that promote tissue wasting. We recently identified nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) loss to associate with muscle mitochondrial dysfunction...
🗓️ 2023-04-03
📰 Publication: Nat Commun
Read MoreNAD repletion with niacin counteracts cancer cachexia.

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