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SCWD Publications Digest

Staying informed on the latest in cachexia, sarcopenia, and wasting disorders research is essential yet challenging. The SCWD Digest offers concise updates and expert insights into significant studies and developments. We highlight and link directly to leading research, making it easier for healthcare professionals to access and apply groundbreaking findings. Our goal: empower the medical community to advance patient care worldwide efficiently.

The crosstalk between macrophages and cancer cells potentiates pancreatic cancer cachexia.

With limited treatment options, cachexia remains a major challenge for patients with cancer. Characterizing the interplay between tumor cells and the immune microenvironment may help identify potential therapeutic targets for cancer cachexia. Herein, we investigate the critical role of macrophages...
📰 Journal: Cancer Cell
Read MoreThe crosstalk between macrophages and cancer cells potentiates pancreatic cancer cachexia.

Effect of sirolimus on muscle in inclusion body myositis observed with magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy.

Finding sensitive clinical outcome measures has become crucial in natural history studies and therapeutic trials of neuromuscular disorders. Here, we focus on 1-year longitudinal data from quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (P MRS) in a...
📰 Journal: Journal Of Cachexia Sarcopenia And Muscle
Read MoreEffect of sirolimus on muscle in inclusion body myositis observed with magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy.

Polymorphism (rs1143634) and IL-1β Plasma Concentration as Predictors of Nutritional Disorders and Prognostic Factors in Multiple Myeloma Patients.

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematological neoplasm of the early precursor of B-cells. The most characteristic symptoms observed during MM include hypocalcemia, anemia, bacterial infections, and renal damage. Nutritional disorders, especially malnutrition, are noted in about 35-71% of MM patients....
Read MorePolymorphism (rs1143634) and IL-1β Plasma Concentration as Predictors of Nutritional Disorders and Prognostic Factors in Multiple Myeloma Patients.

Efficacy of empagliflozin in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction according to frailty status in EMPEROR-Preserved.

Frailty is a severe, common co-morbidity associated with heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). The impact of frailty on HFpEF outcomes may affect treatment choices in HFpEF. The impact of frailty on HFpEF patients and any impact on...
📰 Journal: Journal Of Cachexia Sarcopenia And Muscle
Read MoreEfficacy of empagliflozin in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction according to frailty status in EMPEROR-Preserved.

The BET inhibitor JQ1 targets fat metabolism and counteracts obesity.

Obesity, one of the most frequent health problems in the adult population, is a condition characterized by excessive white adipose tissue accumulation and accompanied by the increased risk to develop other disorders such as type II diabetes, cardiovascular disorders, physical...
📰 Journal: Journal Of Advanced Research
Read MoreThe BET inhibitor JQ1 targets fat metabolism and counteracts obesity.

Body composition is associated with postoperative complications in perihilar cholangiocarcinoma.

Perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA) is a malignant tumor of the hepatobiliary system which is still associated with a challenging prognosis. Postoperative complications play a crucial role in determining the overall prognosis of patients with pCCA. Changes in body composition (BC) have...
📰 Journal: Cancer Medicine
Read MoreBody composition is associated with postoperative complications in perihilar cholangiocarcinoma.

Mitochondrial Quantity and Quality in Age-Related Sarcopenia.

Sarcopenia, the age-associated decline in skeletal muscle mass and strength, is a condition with a complex pathophysiology. Among the factors underlying the development of sarcopenia are the progressive demise of motor neurons, the transition from fast to slow myosin isoform...
📰 Journal: International Journal Of Molecular Sciences
Read MoreMitochondrial Quantity and Quality in Age-Related Sarcopenia.

Longitudinal association between muscle and bone loss: Results of US and Japanese cohort studies.

Muscle and bone are physiologically interconnected, but joint changes of muscle and bone with aging, and whether the muscle-bone changes are different by sex and by country has been little studied. We examined longitudinal associations of bone mineral density (BMD)...
📰 Journal: Journal Of Cachexia Sarcopenia And Muscle
Read MoreLongitudinal association between muscle and bone loss: Results of US and Japanese cohort studies.

Sarcopenia assessed by DXA and hand-grip dynamometer: a potential marker of damage, disability and myokines imbalance in inflammatory myopathies.

To assess the ability of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and hand-grip dynamometer to measure damage in inflammatory myopathies (IM). . Forty adult IM patients with a disease duration ≥12 months, low or no disease activity for ≥6 months, were prospectively enrolled. Thirty...
📰 Journal: Rheumatology
Read MoreSarcopenia assessed by DXA and hand-grip dynamometer: a potential marker of damage, disability and myokines imbalance in inflammatory myopathies.

Streptococcal quorum sensing peptide CSP-7 contributes to muscle inflammation and wasting.

Muscle wasting diseases, such as cancer cachexia and age-associated sarcopenia, have a profound and detrimental impact on functional independence, quality of life, and survival. Our understanding of the underlying mechanisms is currently limited, which has significantly hindered the development of...
📰 Journal: Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta-Molecular Basis Of Disease
Read MoreStreptococcal quorum sensing peptide CSP-7 contributes to muscle inflammation and wasting.

Clinical Impact of Improvement in Sarcopenia through Cardiac Rehabilitation in Patients with Heart Failure.

Sarcopenia in patients with heart failure (HF) is associated with poor prognosis. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) decreases the incidence of adverse events in patients with HF. However, the clinical implications of improving sarcopenia status through CR remain unclear. This study investigated...
📰 Journal: Journal Of The American Medical Directors Association
Read MoreClinical Impact of Improvement in Sarcopenia through Cardiac Rehabilitation in Patients with Heart Failure.

Branched-chain amino acid supplementation does not improve measures of sarcopenia in cirrhosis: results of a randomised controlled trial.

Sarcopenia is associated with adverse outcomes in cirrhosis. Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) target several pathways that lead to muscle loss in this population. We aimed to evaluate the impact of BCAA supplementation on sarcopenia measures in patients with cirrhosis. We...
📰 Journal: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Read MoreBranched-chain amino acid supplementation does not improve measures of sarcopenia in cirrhosis: results of a randomised controlled trial.

Cancer cachexia: biomarkers and the influence of age.

Cancer cachexia (Ccx) is a complex metabolic condition characterized by pronounced muscle and fat wasting, systemic inflammation, weakness and fatigue. Up to 30% of cancer patients succumb directly to Ccx, yet therapies that effectively address this perturbed metabolic state are...
📰 Journal: Molecular Oncology
Read MoreCancer cachexia: biomarkers and the influence of age.

Chronic aryl hydrocarbon receptor activity impairs muscle mitochondrial function with tobacco smoking.

Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that chronic tobacco smoking directly contributes to skeletal muscle dysfunction independent of its pathological impact to the cardiorespiratory systems. The mechanisms underlying tobacco smoke toxicity in skeletal muscle are not fully resolved. In this study, the...
📰 Journal: Journal Of Cachexia Sarcopenia And Muscle
Read MoreChronic aryl hydrocarbon receptor activity impairs muscle mitochondrial function with tobacco smoking.

Metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease in cancer survivors.

The risk of subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD) is high in cancer survivors. Although metabolic syndrome is an established risk factor for CVD, its association with cancer survivors has not yet been established. This study aimed to clarify whether metabolic syndrome...
📰 Journal: Journal Of Cachexia Sarcopenia And Muscle
Read MoreMetabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease in cancer survivors.

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