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Pancreatic Tumor Organoid-Derived Factors from Cachectic Patients Disrupt Contractile Smooth Muscle Cells.

Patients with pancreatic cancer often suffer from cachexia and experience gastrointestinal symptoms that may be related to intestinal smooth muscle cell (SMC) dysfunction. We hypothesized that pancreatic tumor organoids from cachectic patients release factors that perturb the SMC's contractile characteristics.

Human visceral SMCs were exposed to conditioned medium (CM) from the pancreatic tumor organoid cultures of cachectic ( = 2) and non-cachectic ( = 2) patients. Contractile proteins and markers of inflammation, muscle atrophy, and proliferation were evaluated by qPCR and Western blot.

SMC proliferation and migration were monitored by live cell imaging. The Ki-67-positive cell fraction was determined in the intestinal smooth musculature of pancreatic cancer patients.

CM from the pancreatic tumor organoids of cachectic patients did not affect , , , , or expression. However, CM reduced the α-SMA, γ-SMA, and SM22-α levels, which was accompanied by a reduced SMC doubling time and increased expression of , a Ca+-binding protein associated with the synthetic SMC phenotype.

In line with this, Ki-67-positive nuclei were increased in the intestinal smooth musculature of patients with a low versus high L3-SMI. In conclusion, patient-derived pancreatic tumor organoids release factors that compromise the contractile SMC phenotype and increase SMC proliferation.

This may contribute to the frequently observed gastrointestinal motility problems in these patients.

Sander S Rensen

Hepatology - Oncology

Maastricht University



ScienceLeadR Reputation
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Main topics

Publications Clinical Trials

Liver Diseases
Body Weight
Fatty Liver
Endocrine System Diseases
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
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Rianne D W Vaes


Maastricht University Medical Centre



ScienceLeadR Reputation
profile photo of Rianne D W Vaes

Main topics

Publications Clinical Trials

Lung Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Pancreatic Neoplasms
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